*The additional cost per employee listed above is based on the FUTA wage limit of $7,000. If an employee earned less than $7,000 in 2022, their taxable wages will be multiplied by the FUTA Credit Reduction rate to determine the additional cost.
After your final payroll for 2022 is processed, SDP will reconcile and automatically calculate any additional 2022 FUTA tax due. You will receive a written notification in early January 2023 indicating the amount of additional FUTA liabilities that SDP will collect and pay to the IRS as part of the 940 filing for tax year 2022. Please have available funds in your account on or before January 16, 2023. In addition, there will fee of $60 for each federal ID that is subject to the FUTA credit reduction.
What is FUTA Credit Reduction (FCR)?
Contrary to popular belief, the default rate for Federal Unemployment Tax (FUTA) is not 0.6%. The actual FUTA base rate is 6%. However, the IRS allows employers to receive a credit of up to 5.4% if their FUTA liability is paid timely.
Some states don’t have enough money to cover their unemployment benefits. When this happens, the state borrows money from the federal government to fund their unemployment programs. States have two years to pay back their loan. If they have an outstanding balance on November 10 of the second year, the federal government reduces the amount of the FUTA tax credit. This means that until the loan is repaid, every company with employees in that state pays more in FUTA taxes.
Due to the impact of the unprecedented COVID-19 crisis, California, Connecticut, Illinois, New York and the Virgin Islands have had an outstanding federal loan balance for two consecutive years. As a result, employers will have to pay an additional 0.3% on wages paid in 2022 to employees for work attributed to any of these states.
- After your final payroll for 2022 is processed, SDP will reconcile and automatically calculate any additional 2022 FUTA tax due.
- You will receive a written notification in early January 2023 indicating the amount of additional FUTA liabilities that SDP will collect and pay to the IRS as part of the 940 filing for tax year 2022.
- Please have available funds in your account on or before January 16, 2023. In addition, there will fee of $60 for each federal ID that is subject to the FUTA credit reduction.
Am I being penalized for layoffs during the pandemic?
No. FUTA credit reductions are not assessed because of the activity of individual employers. The state failed to pay back a federal loan within the prescribed period, therefore every company with employees in that state must pay more in FUTA taxes until the loan is paid in full.
Why didn’t SDP calculate taxes at a higher rate throughout the year?
States have a grace period of two years to repay their Federal Title XII loan. The IRS does not announce which states are subject to the FUTA credit reduction until November 10th of each year.
What happens if I do not pay the additional amount?
If the full amount of FUTA tax due is not paid on time employers will receive an amount due notice from the IRS and incur penalty and interest (depending on when the payment is made the interest rate will be as high as 15% of the total liability).
Will this happen again next year?
At this time we do not know. If these states fail to successfully repay their loans by November 10, 2023 the FUTA Credit Reduction rate will increase to 0.6%.
- CA EDD – FUTA Credit Reduction
- IRS — Federal Unemployment Tax
- IRS — FUTA Credit Reduction
- IRS — Form 940 Filing Requirements
- Department of Labor — FUTA Credit Reductions
- IRS Video – FUTA Credit Reduction
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*Southland Data Processing, Inc. (“SDP”) is not a law firm. This article is intended for informational purposes only and should not be relied upon in reaching a conclusion in a particular area of law. Applicability of the legal principles discussed may differ substantially in individual situations. Receipt of this or any other SDP materials does not create an attorney-client relationship. SDP is not responsible for any inadvertent errors that may occur in the publishing process.